Hurricane Katrina in August 2005 was the most devastating natural disaster in U.S. history. Gaps that became apparent in the response to that disaster led to the Post-Katrina Emergency Management Reform Act of 2006 (PKEMRA). PKEMRA significantly reorganized FEMA, provided it substantial new authority to remedy gaps in response, and included a more robust preparedness mission for FEMA. This act:
- Establishes a Disability Coordinator and develops guidelines to accommodate individuals with disabilities.
- Establishes the National Emergency Family Registry and Locator System to reunify separated family members.
- Coordinates and supports precautionary evacuations and recovery efforts.
- Provides transportation assistance for relocating and returning individuals displaced from their residences in a major disaster.
- Provides case management assistance to identify and address unmet needs of survivors of major disasters.