Role

Evacuation / Relocation

Shelter-in-place

Lockdown

Principal

Make an announcement over the PA system while crisis team members deliver instructions to key staff.

Make an announcement over the PA system and mobilize the crisis team.

Designate staff who would take responsibility for “sweeping” the hallways and bathrooms to ensure that children are in the proper places and are accounted for.

Initiate lockdown if a threatening, suspicious, or violent intruder is found in the building; trying to enter the building; or if their imminent presence is suspected.

Dial 911 and notify town emergency responders.

Make an announcement over the PA system.

Mobilize the crisis team.

Crisis Team

Initiate the response.

Inspect the building and direct students to exits and assembly areas.

Carry walkie-talkies and cell phones.

Communicate with town emergency response teams.

Communicate regularly with staff regarding the status of the emergency.

Inspect the building and playground and direct staff and students to shelter area.

Communicate with town emergency responders.

Maintain communication with the central office (or other incident command center) using walkie-talkies or cell phones.

Attempt to identify the area of intrusion.

Maintain communication using walkie-talkies or cell phones.

Secretarial Staff

Bring the attendance roster for students and staff to the alternate site, and take the go kit.

Bring the attendance roster for students and staff and the substitute list.

Dial 911 and contact the principal if they witness a violent situation.

Bring the attendance roster for students and staff and the substitute list.

Bring the go kit to a safe location in the building.

Teachers and Other Support Staff

Assist children with mobility difficulties.

Take their classroom go kit.

Lead students through evacuation using designated routes.

Check lavatories and other areas of the building where students may be unsupervised in order to assure evacuation is complete.

Take attendance and report any missing students to a crisis team member.

Lead their students to the off-site location in the event of relocation following the designated route.

Stay with their students until further instructions are given.

Move students indoors to the common area.

Assist children with mobility difficulties.

Take attendance and inform the crisis team of any children that are missing.

Close all windows and doors, and pull down shades prior to exiting the classroom.

Place a wet paper towel over the nose and mouth for temporary respiratory protection, inform the incident command center and, potentially, relocate to another part of the building if there appears to be contamination within the shelter.

Remain with their students until an “all clear” is given.

Contact the central office immediately if they witness a violent or potentially violent situation.

Have students in the hallway enter their classroom.

Check lavatories and have those students using the facilities enter the closest classroom.

Turn off lights, lock classroom doors and windows, and, if it is safe to do so, pull the shades.

Keep students away from windows and doors.

Take attendance and report missing and extra students to the office.

Have students stop and drop to the floor if a gunshot or explosion is heard.

Maintain a calm environment and reassure students that everything is being done to return the situation to normal.

Remain in the classroom until further instructions are given by the principal.

School Nurse

Bring the emergency medical kit and the first aid kit.

Bring student emergency cards and medical information.

Monitor students with special medical needs and notify the administration of any urgent medical needs.

Follow instructions for school staff if students are in the health room.

Bring the emergency medical kit and the first aid kit.

Bring student emergency cards and medical information.

Monitor students with special medical needs, and notify the administration of any urgent medical needs.

Dial 911 and contact the principal if they witness a violent situation.

Follow instructions for lockdown if students are in the health room, and communicate with other members of the crisis team.

Custodians

Maintain communication with the administration who may assign specific tasks.

Inspect the building following an evacuation.

Assume responsibility for building safety and carry a school floor plan, which includes the location of utility shut-off valves.

Shut down the classroom/building HVAC system.

Turn off local fans in the area.

Close doors and windows.

Lock all entrances to the building.

Maintain communication with administration.

Carry school floor plan showing shut-off valves for all utilities.

Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. (2009, January). School-Based Emergency Preparedness: A National Analysis and Recommended Protocol. (Pub No. 09-0013). Rockville, MD: Author.

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