Operations-based Exercises

Operations-based exercises involve deployment of resources and personnel. They are more complex than discussion-based exercises. Focusing on action-oriented activities, operations-based exercises are used to validate plans, policies, agreements, and procedures, clarify roles and responsibilities, and identify resource gaps and improvement opportunities.

These types of exercises are characterized by actual implementation in reaction to an exercise scenario.

Operations-based goalsOperations-based conductExercise Outcomes
Validate plans, policies, agreements, and procedures.

Site setup

  • Done by the planning team the day before conduct
  • Can be in an indoor or outdoor venue

Site setup may include:

  • Response Route - routes to the simulated incident
  • Response Area - location of exercise activities
  • Assembly Area - location of deployable resources participating in the exercise
  • Observer/Media Area - designated viewing area
  • Simulation Cell - location generating scenario injects
  • Registration - to ensure only authorized personnel are allowed on scene
  • Parking
Clarify roles and responsibilities, and identify resource gaps and improvement opportunities.

Exercise briefings

  • Educate participants in their roles and responsibilities
  • Provide safety information to all personnel
  • Vary among roles (controllers, evaluators, players, and actors)
  • Explain exercise play rules (which vary for each exercise)

 

 
 

Exercise play

 
Coordinating logistics is a critical element in operations-based exercise conduct because of the large number of personnel and equipment involved.